NAR Asks SCOTUS to protect consumers from lawsuits for making floorplans of their homes

Filing comes after Eighth Circuit ruling leaves homeowners vulnerable to onerous, unnecessary legal liabilities

WASHINGTON – The National Association of Realtors® today filed an amicus brief with the U.S. Supreme Court in an effort to protect American consumers from a recent decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. The Court’s ruling misrepresents federal law and would invalidate decades of legal precedent by allowing copyright infringement lawsuits to be filed against homeowners who make or display floorplans of their own homes.

The brief was introduced alongside 18 groups representing consumers and professionals throughout the U.S. real estate industry, including the Redfin Corporation®, the Zillow Group, the American Property Owners Alliance and CoreLogic.

“The U.S. housing market accounted for roughly 18% of our country’s GDP in 2020,” said NAR General Counsel Katie Johnson. “The Eighth Circuit’s decision not only puts countless consumers at risk of costly, burdensome litigation for making a floorplan of their own home, but it also strains a key sector of America’s economy and threatens a critical tool of transparency for potential home buyers.”

Congress specifically allowed for homeowners to create “pictures” or “other pictorial representations” of architectural works without fear of liability when crafting the Copyright Act of 1976. 

“Many home buyers rely on floorplans in real estate listings to decide whether to purchase a residence, and their ability to secure financing for that transaction is often contingent on an appraisal that requires the creation of a floorplan,” the brief reads. “After acquiring a dwelling, homeowners will often make floorplans to help them tackle installations, arrange furniture and complete do-it-yourself projects…  [And] many jurisdictions require homeowners to submit floorplans before they renovate their property.”

NAR’s 2021 Home Buyers and Sellers Generational Trends report found that roughly two-thirds of home buyers listed floorplans as “very useful” in the online homebuying process, ranking behind only “photos” and “detailed property information” as their most valuable resources. So important are floor plans, in fact, to the average U.S. consumer as they make one of the most consequential decisions of a lifetime, that this category ranked ahead of other key educational resources and disclosures like “neighborhood information,” “virtual open houses” and price data on recently sold local homes.

The National Association of Realtors® is America’s largest trade association, representing more than 1.5 million members involved in all aspects of the residential and commercial real estate industries.

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